The IBM Deep Blue Chess Computer

Deep Blue, the IBM Chess Computer, recently made history by becoming the first computer to beat the humanWorld Chess Champion, Garry Kasparov, in a historical match between man and machine. Deep Blue demonstrated that a sophisticated chess system can be developed using the IBM RS6000/SP parallel processor. This accomplishment meets a long standing challenge in computer science. In this talk we will describe the architecture of Deep Blue on the RS/6000 SP;illustrate the strong and weak aspects of Deep Blue through highlights of the match. We will also discuss the technological and social implications of this event.

Bio of C.J. Tan

Chung-Jen Tan is the Senior Manager of the Application Systems Technologies department at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, N.Y.
He is also the manager of the IBM Deep Blue computer chess project. Since 1984 he has been engaged in various activities for developing IBM's research programs in the area of architecture development and machine design for highly parallel scalable systems. His department was responsible for the architecture definition and instrumental in the design of the early versions of the IBM RISC System/6000 Scalable POWERparallel System (SP).

For his research activities in parallel processing systems he was awarded a IBM Outstanding Technical Achievement Award in 1987, and a IBM Research Division award in 1994. As part of the overall research activities in understanding how to effectively solve large complex problems with parallel processing computing systems, the Deep Blue project was started in his department in 1992.

He recently led the Deep Blue team in a highly successful historical match against the world chess champion Garry Kasparov. For this accomplishment he was given a special IBM Corporate Award for the development of the IBM Deep Blue Chess Computer in June. 1997. C.J. is a member of ACM, the IEEE, and a member of the ACM Computer Chess Committee.

He received the BSEE degree from Seattle University, in 1963, and the Dr. of Engineering Science degree from Columbia University, N.Y., N.Y., in 1969. He joined IBM T. J. Watson Research Center in 1969 as a Research Staff Member, and has been involved in technical and managerial activities in the areas of design automation, optimizing compilers, and parallel processing architecture, design, and applications development.